My .vimrc

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" .vimrc " " This is a long vimrc, but it does not do anything drastic. " " Noah Spurrier " To set Vim as your default editor and page add the following to your .bashrc " and/or .profile startup files. Also note that $PAGER is set blank " INSIDE of this .vimrc file. "export EDITOR=vim "export VISUAL=vim "export PAGER="/bin/sh -c \"unset PAGER;col -b -x | \ " vim -R -c 'set ft=man nomod nolist' -c 'map q :q<CR>' \ " -c 'map <SPACE> <C-D>' -c 'map b <C-U>' \ " -c 'nmap K :Man <C-R>=expand(\\\"<cword>\\\")<CR><CR>' -\"" " Unset PAGER environment variable to prevent recursive " fork when using Vim's 'Man' command. " This works with the PAGER setting in .profile or .bashrc. let $PAGER='' set nocompatible " use vim defaults (this should be first in .vimrc) filetype plugin on " load ftplugin.vim filetype indent on " load indent.vim set history=1000 " number of commands and search patterns to save set binary " show control characters (ignore 'fileformat') set noautoindent " do not auto indent set shiftround " round alignment to nearest indent when shifting with < and > set formatoptions+=r " auto-format comments while typing " traditional xterm has only 8 colors while newer terms have at least 16. if &term =~ "xterm" if has("terminfo") set t_Co=8 set t_Sf=<Esc>[3%p1%dm set t_Sb=<Esc>[4%p1%dm else set t_Co=8 set t_Sf=<Esc>[3%dm set t_Sb=<Esc>[4%dm endif else set t_Co=16 endif set t_Co=256 "colorscheme native if $BACKGROUND == "dark" " set terminal background color (see map for <F3>) set background=dark else "default if BACKGROUND not set set background=light endif "set guifont=Lucida_Console:h8 " set gvim font on Windows syntax on " use syntax color highlighting "colo ps_color " color scheme in ~/.vim/colors "set visualbell " flash instead of beep -- this can be annoying "set visualbell t_vb= " no beep or flash "set mouse=a " enable VIM mouse (see map for F12) set ttyfast " smoother display on fast network connections set whichwrap=b,s,<,>,[,],~ " allow most motion keys to wrap set backspace=indent,eol,start " allow bs over EOL, indent, and start of insert set nostartofline " if possible, keep cursor in same column for many commands set incsearch " incremental search set ignorecase " ignore case when searching (see smartcase) set smartcase " do not ignore case if pattern has mixed case (see ignorecase) set nojoinspaces " use only one space when using join set matchpairs+=<:> " add < > to chars that form pairs (see % command) set showmatch " show matching brackets by flickering cursor set matchtime=1 " show matching brackets quicker than default set modeline " docs say this is default, but not on any Vim I tried! set autoread " automatically read file changed outside of Vim set autowrite " automatically save before commands like :next and :make set splitbelow " open new split windows below the current one set winminheight=0 " This makes more sense than the default of 1 set noequalalways " do not resize windows on split/close "set shortmess="" " long messages -- does not seem to work set showcmd " show partial command in status line set tags=~/tags,./tags;,tags; " semicolon searchs up, see :h file-searching set suffixes+=.class,.pyc,.o,.so " skip bytecode files for filename completion set suffixes-=.h " do not skip C header files for filename completion set wrap " wrap long lines set sidescroll=1 " smooth scroll if set nowrap. for slow terminals set to 0. "set showbreak=>>>> " string to print before wrapped lines " set backup " backup files before editing " set backupdir=~/tmp,.,/tmp,/var/tmp " backup locations set dir=~/tmp,.,/tmp,/var/tmp " swap file locations set virtualedit=block " allow selection anywhere when in Visual block mode set laststatus=2 " always show statusline set statusline=%n\ %1*%h%f%*\ %=%<[%3lL,%2cC]\ %2p%%\ 0x%02B%r%m set ruler " show ruler, but only shown if laststatus is off set rulerformat=%h%r%m%=%f " sane value in case laststatus is off set nonumber " don't show line numbers "set printoptions=number:y " put line numbers on hardcopy " this turns on hlsearch, but clears the highlighting when Enter is hit set wildmenu " show a menu of matches when doing completion set hlsearch " highlight the current search pattern set title " shows the current filename and path in the term title. nnoremap <silent><CR> :nohlsearch<CR><CR> " in normal mode enter clears search highlight if version >= 630 set viminfo=!,%,'20,/100,:100,s100,n~/.viminfo " options for .viminfo else set viminfo=!,%,'20,/100,:100,n~/.viminfo " options for .viminfo endif if version >= 700 "set cusorline " highlight the line with the cursor set listchars=eol:$,tab:>-,trail:.,extends:>,precedes:<,nbsp:% " :help 'list set numberwidth=4 " width of line numbers set nofsync " improves performance -- let OS decide when to flush disk else set listchars=eol:$,tab:>-,trail:.,extends:>,precedes:< " : help 'list endif " For python.vim syntax by Dmitry Vasiliev. See ~/.vim/syntax/python.vim. let g:python_highlight_all=1 " " Tab settings for filetypes that should be set even if ftplugin is off. " set shiftround expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 " default autocmd FileType python set shiftround expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 " Python autocmd FileType make set shiftround noexpandtab tabstop=8 shiftwidth=8 " Makefile autocmd FileType sh set shiftround noexpandtab tabstop=8 shiftwidth=8 " shell scripts autocmd FileType man set shiftround noexpandtab tabstop=8 shiftwidth=8 " Man page (also used by psql to edit or view) autocmd FileType calendar set shiftround noexpandtab tabstop=8 shiftwidth=8 " calendar(1) reminder service " augroup vimrc_autocmds " autocmd BufRead * highlight OverLength ctermbg=lightgray guibg=lightgray " autocmd BufRead * match OverLength /\%74v.*/ " augroup END " This was just too clever and never worked quite right. " I still want something like this, so I keep it here in case " I ever figure out a smarter way of doing this. " use magictab "inoremap <tab> <c-r>=MagicTabWrapper("forward")<cr> "inoremap <s-tab> <c-r>=MagicTabWrapper("backward")<cr> " This highlights suspicious whitespace. "autocmd FileType * :call HighlightBadWS() " These are used by the DirDiff plugin. " DirDiff rules! let g:DirDiffExcludes = ".svn,*.jpg,*.png,*.gif,*.swp,*.a,*.so,*.o,*.pyc,*.exe,*.class,CVS,core,a.out" let g:DirDiffIgnore = "Id:,Revision:,Date:" "FIXME: DO NOT USE. SET TO ZERO. BACKUPS ARE BROKEN. "/usr/sbin/ Make backups when using openssl plugin. "FIXME: THIS IS BROKEN DUE TO A VIM BUG. let g:openssl_backup = 0 " Automatically load templates for new files. Silent if the template for the " extension does not exist. Virtually all template plugins I have seen for Vim " are too complicated. This just loads what extension matches in " $VIMHOME/templates/. For example the contents of html.tpl would be loaded " for new html documents. augroup BufNewFileFromTemplate au! autocmd BufNewFile * silent! 0r $HOME/.vim/templates/%:e.tpl autocmd BufNewFile * normal! G"_dd1G autocmd BufNewFile * silent! match Todo /TODO/ augroup BufNewFileFromTemplate " " maps " " \cwd changes current working directory map <leader>cwd :cd %:p:h<CR> " map Q as @q (replay the recording named q). I always use q as my throw-away " recording name, so I start recording with "qq" then reply the recording with " "Q". I never found a use for interactive ex-mode so I don't miss the " original definition of Q. nnoremap Q @q " get rid of most annoying typo: typing q: when I meant :q. " You can still get to cmdline-window easily by typing <Ctrl-F> in " command mode, so loosing q: is no loss. map q: :q " easy indentation in visual mode " This keeps the visual selection active after indenting. " Usually the visual selection is lost after you indent it. vmap > >gv vmap < <gv " Use display movement with arrow keys for extra precision. Arrow keys will " move up and down the next line in the display even if the line is wrapped. " This is useful for navigating very long lines that you often find with " automatically generated text such as HTML. " This is not useful if you turn off wrap. imap <up> <C-O>gk imap <down> <C-O>gj nmap <up> gk nmap <down> gj vmap <up> gk vmap <down> gj " Split window selector and stacker. " CTRL-J goes down one window and maximizes it; other windows are minimized. " CTRL-K goes up one window and maximizes it; other windows are minimized. map <C-J> <C-W>j<C-W>_ map <C-K> <C-W>k<C-W>_ " This maps \y so that it will yank the visual selection, and also quote the " regex metacharacters so you can then paste into a search pattern. For " example, use v to select some text. Press \y. Then start a search with /. " Type CTRL-R" to insert the yanked selection. The last two mappings allow you " to visual select an area and then search for other matches by typing * or #. vmap <silent> <leader>y y:let @"=substitute(escape(@",'.$*[^\/~'),'\n','\\n','g')<CR> vmap <silent> * y:let @/=substitute(escape(@",'.$*[^\/~'),'\n','\\n','g')<CR>n vmap <silent> # y:let @/=substitute(escape(@",'.$*[^\/~'),'\n','\\n','g')<CR>N vnoremap <silent> * :<C-U> \let old_reg=getreg('"')<bar> \let old_regmode=getregtype('"')<cr> \gvy/<C-R><C-R>=substitute(substitute( \escape(@", '\\/.*$^~[]' ), "\n$", "", ""), \"\n", '\\_[[:return:]]', "g")<cr><cr> \:call setreg('"', old_reg, old_regmode)<cr> vnoremap <silent> # :<C-U> \let old_reg=getreg('"')<bar> \let old_regmode=getregtype('"')<cr> \gvy?<C-R><C-R>=substitute(substitute( \escape(@", '\\/.*$^~[]' ), "\n$", "", ""), \"\n", '\\_[[:return:]]', "g")<cr><cr> \:call setreg('"', old_reg, old_regmode)<cr> " echo the date and time "map <leader>d :echo strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")<CR> " spell check " <F2> or \s if version >= 700 nnoremap <silent><F2> <ESC>:set spell!<CR> nnoremap <silent><leader>s <ESC>:set spell!<CR> "setlocal spell spelllang=en_us else " older versions use external aspell nnoremap <silent><F2> <ESC>:!aspell -c "%"<CR>:edit! "%"<CR> nnoremap <silent><leader>s <ESC>:!aspell -c "%"<CR>:edit! "%"<CR> endif " tab support if version >= 700 map <S-left> :tabp<CR> map <S-right> :tabn<CR> endif " refresh - redraw window " <F5> nnoremap <silent><F5> :redraw!<CR> " This runs the current buffer in an X terminal that disappears after 5 minutes. " This needs the env var $TERM set to xterm or some compatible X11 terminal. " This does not save first! " <F7> or \r function RunBufferInTerm () if &filetype == 'python' silent !$TERM -bg black -fg green -e bash -c "python %; sleep 300" & elseif &filetype == 'sh' silent !$TERM -bg black -fg green -e bash -c "./%; sleep 300" & elseif &filetype == 'php' silent !$TERM -bg black -fg green -e bash -c "php %; sleep 300" & elseif &filetype == 'perl' silent !$TERM -bg black -fg green -e bash -c "perl %; sleep 300" & endif sleep 1 redraw! endfunction nnoremap <silent><F7> :call RunBufferInTerm()<CR> nnoremap <silent><leader>r :call RunBufferInTerm()<CR> " <F8> or \a " yank all lines nnoremap <silent><F8> gg"+yG nnoremap <silent><leader>a gg"+yG " <F10> or \n " toggle line numbers nnoremap <silent><F10> :set number!<CR> nnoremap <silent><leader>n :set number!<CR> " <F3> " toggle between dark and light backgrounds nnoremap <silent><F3> :let &background=(&background == "dark"?"light":"dark")<CR> " <F4> " toggle mouse mode between VIM and xterm function ShowMouseMode() if (&mouse == 'a') echo "MOUSE VIM" else echo "MOUSE X11" endif endfunction nnoremap <silent><F4> :let &mouse=(&mouse == "a"?"":"a")<CR>:call ShowMouseMode()<CR> " This is now covered by the DirDiff plugin. " extra diff support " "map <silent><leader>dp :diffput<CR> "map <silent><leader>dg :diffget<CR> " run Vim diff on HEAD copy in SVN. nnoremap <silent><leader>ds :call SVNDiff()<CR> function! SVNDiff() let fn = bufname("%") let newfn = fn . ".HEAD" let catstat = system("svn cat " . fn . " > " . newfn) if catstat == 0 execute 'vert diffsplit ' . newfn else echo "*** ERROR: svn cat failed for " . fn . " (as " . newfn . ")" endif endfunction " " folding using the current /search/ pattern -- very handy! " " \z " This folds every line that does not contain the search pattern. " So the end result is that you only see lines with the pattern " see vimtip #282 and vimtip #108 "map <silent><leader>z :set foldexpr=getline(v:lnum)!~@/ foldlevel=0 foldcolumn=0 foldmethod=expr<CR> nnoremap <silent><leader>z :set foldexpr=(getline(v:lnum)=~@/)?\">1\":\"=\" foldlevel=0 foldcolumn=0 foldmethod=expr foldtext=getline(v:foldstart)<CR> " space toggles the fold state under the cursor. nnoremap <silent><space> :exe 'silent! normal! za'.(foldlevel('.')?'':'l')<CR> " this folds all classes and functions -- mnemonic: think 'function fold' nnoremap <silent>zff :set foldexpr=UniversalFoldExpression(v:lnum) foldmethod=expr foldlevel=0 foldcolumn=0 foldtext=getline(v:foldstart)<CR><CR> function UniversalFoldExpression(lnum) if a:lnum == 1 return ">1" endif "The first pattern matches C-like function syntax. It is fragile, but "works more or less bettern than not having it at all. return (getline(a:lnum)=~"^[a-zA-Z_][a-zA-Z_0-9]*\\s\\+[^(;=,]\\+([^);=]*)\\s*$\\|^\\s*public function\\s\\|^\\s*private function\\s\\|^\\s*function\\s\\|^\\s*class\\s\\|^\\s*def\\s") ? ">1" : "=" endfunction " This doesn't work quite right: "if &filetype == 'php' " if getline(a:lnum) =~ '/\*\*' " call cursor(a:lnum,1) " let sp = searchpair ('/\*\*','','\*/') " call cursor(sp,1) " let ax = search ('\n*\s*function','cW') " if ax != 0 " return ">1" " endif " endif " return "=" "endif " @/ is the register that holds the last search pattern. " plugins runtime ftplugin/man.vim " allow vim to read man pages " " type \doc to insert PHPdocs " see vimtip #1355 " augroup php_doc au! "autocmd BufReadPost *.php,*.inc source ~/.vim/php-doc.vim autocmd BufReadPost *.php,*.inc nnoremap <leader>doc :call PhpDocSingle()<CR> autocmd BufReadPost *.php,*.inc vnoremap <leader>doc :call PhpDocRange()<CR> augroup END " " This sets mouse support for editing XPM images in gvim. " see h: xpm " function! GetPixel() let c = getline(".")[col(".") - 1] echo c exe "noremap <LeftMouse> <LeftMouse>r".c exe "noremap <LeftDrag> <LeftMouse>r".c endfunction autocmd BufReadPre *.xpm noremap <RightMouse> <LeftMouse>:call GetPixel()<CR> autocmd BufReadPre *.xpm set guicursor=n:hor20 " to see the color under cursor " " Experimental stuff " " visually select lines and turn them into an HTML table. vnoremap <silent><leader>ht :s/\(\S\+\)/ <td>\1<\/td><CR>:'<,'>s/^\s*$/<\/tr><tr><CR>'>o</tr></table><ESC>'<O<table><tr><ESC> function! AppendUnnamedReg() let old=@" yank let @" = old . @" endfun " online doc search " TODO This needs some work. map <silent><M-d> :call OnlineDoc()<CR> function! OnlineDoc() if &ft =~ "cpp" let s:urlTemplate = "http://doc.trolltech.com/4.1/%.html" elseif &ft =~ "ruby" let s:urlTemplate = "http://www.ruby-doc.org/core/classes/%.html" elseif &ft =~ "php" let s:urlTemplate = "http://www.php.net/%" elseif &ft =~ "perl" let s:urlTemplate = "http://perldoc.perl.org/functions/%.html" elseif &ft =~ "python" let s:urlTemplate = "http://starship.python.net/crew/theller/pyhelp.cgi?keyword=%" else return endif let s:browser = "firefox" let s:wordUnderCursor = expand("<cword>") let s:url = substitute(s:urlTemplate, "%", s:wordUnderCursor, "g") let s:cmd = "silent !" . s:browser . " " . s:url execute s:cmd redraw! endfunction " another online doc search " TODO This also needs some work. " vimtip #1354 function! OnlineDoc() let s:browser = "firefox" let s:wordUnderCursor = expand("<cword>") if &ft == "cpp" || &ft == "c" || &ft == "ruby" || &ft == "php" || &ft == "python" let s:url = "http://www.google.com/codesearch?q=".s:wordUnderCursor."+lang:".&ft elseif &ft == "vim" let s:url = "http://www.google.com/codesearch?q=".s:wordUnderCursor else return endif let s:cmd = "silent !" . s:browser . " " . s:url "echo s:cmd execute s:cmd endfunction " online doc search map <LocalLeader>k :call OnlineDoc()<CR> " simple calculator based loosely on vimtip #1349 " control the precision with this variable let g:MyCalcPresition = 2 function MyCalc(str) return system("echo 'scale=" . g:MyCalcPresition . " ; print " . a:str . "' | bc -l") endfunction " Use \C to replace a math expression by the value of its computation vmap <leader><silent>C :s/.*/\=MyCalc(submatch(0))/<cr>/<BS> vmap <leader><silent>C= :B s/.*/\=submatch(0) . " = " . MyCalc(submatch(0))/<cr>/<BS> " Python command Calc based on vimtip #1235 " does NOT use built-in vim python command! -nargs=+ Calc :r! python -c "from math import *; print <args>" " allow reading of MS Word doc documents " on Ubuntu you must install the antiword package. autocmd BufReadPre *.doc set ro autocmd BufReadPost *.doc silent %!antiword -f -s -i 1 -m 8859-1 - | fmt -ut --width=78 " allow reading of MS Word doc documents " on Ubuntu install the antiword deb package. autocmd BufReadPre *.doc set ro autocmd BufReadPost *.doc silent %!antiword -i 1 -s -f "%" - |fmt -csw78 " jump to the last known position in a file autocmd BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 0 && line("'\"") <= line("$") | exe "normal g'\"" | endif " Split the 'screen' window if Vim is running inside a screen session. map \s <esc><esc>:silent! if(strlen($STY))<CR> \silent! screen -X split<CR>:silent! screen -X focus down<CR>:silent! screen -X screen $SHELL -c "screen -X zombie;$SHELL;screen -X remove;screen -X redisplay"<CR>:redraw!<CR><CR> \endif<CR><CR> ":let &mouse=(&mouse == "a"?"":"a")<CR> if filereadable ("~/.vimrc_local") source ~/.vimrc_local endif